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Citroen Die Cast Models 1:18


Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer. Founded in 1919 by André Citroën, it was the world's first mass-production car company outside of the USA. André Citroën built armaments for France during World War I and after the war he had a factory and no product. In 1919, the business started to produce automobiles. Citroën was a keen marketer—he used the Eiffel Tower as the world's largest advertising sign, as recorded in the Guinness Book of Records.

In 1928, Citroën introduced the first all-steel body in Europe. Originally a mass-market car maker with relatively straightforward designs, Citroën shocked the world in 1934 with the world's first mass-production front wheel drive car having also a unitary body with no separate frame and front wheel independent suspension. In 1933 Citroën introduced a passenger car with the world’s first commercially available diesel engine. In 1948 Citroën unveiled the 2CV (2 fiscal horsepower, initially only 12 HP) at the Paris Salon. The car became a bestseller, achieving the designer's aim of providing rural French people with a motorized alternative to the horse. 1955 saw the introduction of the DS, the first full usage of Citroën's now legendary hydro pneumatic self-leveling suspension system. The DS was the first European production car with disc brakes. The DS featured power steering, power brakes and power suspension, and—from 1968—directional headlights. Citroën was one of the early pioneers of the now widespread trend of aerodynamic automobile design, which helps to reduce fuel consumption and improve high-speed performance by reducing wind resistance. The firm began using a wind tunnel in the 1950s.

In 1976 Peugeot SA purchased a 90% stake of Citroën SA and the companies were combined into a holding company, known as PSA Peugeot Citroën.

Citroen official site
1928 - C4 '28